The following recommendations are in accordance with the Centers for Disease Control:
Routine vaccinations that have not been administered within the last 5 years should be applied to prevent disease in case of exposure. This includes MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella), DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus), and Poliovirus vaccine.
Two doses of the vaccine administered 6 months apart prior to travel is ideal. One dose prior to travel and second dose upon return is also acceptable.
Three doses of the vaccine administered at 0, 1, and 6 months is ideal. Two doses prior to travel and final dose upon routine is also acceptable.
Two options exist. One is an oral formulation that confers 5 years of protection. The second is an injection which confers 2 years of protection.
Optional. Three doses of the vaccine administered at 0, 7, and 21 days is ideal.
Travel vaccinations can be obtained through your primary care provider, the public health department, or any number of private travel clinics around the U.S.